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Dermatology Blog

Contact dermatitis

Contact dermatitis

Contact dermatitis is a skin irritation caused by contact with an allergenic or irritant substance.  It can be a simple irritation or an allergy. Irritation is 20 times more common than allergy

Contact dermatitis most often manifests itself as eczema. They may originate from a hypersensitivity of the skin (irritant contact dermatitis) or from a systemic disorder - an allergy (allergic contact dermatitis). The clinical symptoms are superficially identical. Red itchy skin, appearance of pimples or blisters, peeling of the skin. If the symptoms persist, it is a good idea to undergo allergy tests. These will determine whether it is an allergy or just a hypersensitivity of the skin to its surroundings.

Some contact dermatitis occurs in everyone under certain conditions.

Toxic dermatitis - skin reaction to contact with acid, alkali
Diaper dermatitis - reaction to prolonged skin contact with urine and faeces
Diaper rash from sweat
Phytophototic dermatitis occurs after the sun shines on skin that is stained with certain plant juices such as parsnip, parsley, celery, citrus, etc.

Contact dermatitis in persons with a disposition

Chronic dermatitis is caused by prolonged exposure of the skin to water, disinfection, abrasion, contact with chemicals, etc. This causes the skin to react inappropriately over time to common chemicals including cosmetics, animal and plant products, metals, etc. Chronic dermatitis can also develop into allergic dermatitis over time.
Allergic contact dermatitis occurs mainly in people who suffer from atopic eczema, bronchitis or asthma. In an allergic reaction, the immune system reacts to the allergen. After contact with the allergen, the allergic person may react with temperature, diarrhea, swelling, choking, etc. Allergic contact dermatitis is the most common dermatological cause of occupational diseases.

 

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