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How to get rid of the facial eczema

How to get rid of the facial eczema

The facial eczema can be caused by a variety of reasons from the atopy manifestation, through the contact irritation to the bacterial inflammation of the skin. The treatment is dependent especially on the identification of the type of the eczema that appeared on the face.

 

If an atopic eczema appears on the face, it commonly occurs around eyes and mouth, and on the neck. The eczema firstly develops during infancy or toddlerhood. Later, it can disappear entirely but reappear in the adulthood. The common triggers are stress, toxic environment and hormonal changes. So, if the itchy and redden spots appear in the above-mentioned locations and they are preceded by a childhood eczema, the issue is probably atopic eczema. The atopy treatment has to be done by the professional dermatologist who prescribes the corticosteroid creams to calm the visible deposits of the eczema. Afterwards, the skin care based on intensive moisturizing and skin barrier protection follows.

If the eczema appears only around the mouth and eyes, some doctors call this type a perioral dermatitis. This is a contact eczema of a non-allergic origin. The cause of this issue is a contact of a hypersensitive skin with an irritating substance. Such eczema appears on the face as a result of using cosmetic creams, masks, powders, makeup, makeup removals, and often also dry and dusty environment, chlorinated water, poorly laundered bedding or, for example, mites in the bed linen. Eczema develops often gradually. The skin tends to be dry, flaky, then slightly reddened, and in the end, the deposits are created that are red, cracking and form water-filled pimples. An unexpected reaction can occur, for example, if a new cosmetic cream causes immediate irritation.

Allergic contact eczema appears in the location where the skin came into the contact with the allergen. The essential part of the treatment is the identification and removal of the allergen. You can either remove everything with allergenic potential and then gradually test the items to find the allergen or visit a dermatologist to do the test for you. In case the allergen cannot be removed, e.g., if you are working in dusty environment, you can use special barrier cream preventing the allergen to penetrate the skin and cause the irritation.

The facial eczema can also form as a reaction to a mechanical irritation of the skin in combination with heat and sweat. It appears very often in association with daily wearing of surgical masks, respirators and face masks. Typically, this eczema appears around the mouth, under the rubber bands, on the nose bridge, behind the ears. The affected skin has to be disinfected to prevent secondary bacterial infection. It is recommended to apply soothing baby powder for intertrigo and exposing the sweaty locations to free air. It is important to use barrier creams that strengthen the skin for a long time and protect it and limit the growth of bacteria.

The facial eczema can be also of a bacterial origin. In such case, the issue should not be referred to as an eczema, although the symptoms are very similar to one. Eryspel, a streptococcal infection resembles eczema a bit. It is often accompanied with fever, chills and nausea. Skin is reddened and aches. This issue appears predominantly during the overall weakening of the organism after infections. The treatment comprises poultices and antibiotics.

Another bacterial disease appearing on the face is seborrhea. This issue commonly occurs in such areas of the skin that are rich in sebaceous glands, especially on the forehead, in the hair and on the body. If there is an excessive sebum production, a Malassezia furfur yeast grows on the skin and causes inflammation. The deposits are reddened, can but not always itch and yellowish dandruff-like skin particles peel off. The skin tends to be extremely greasy. The confirmation of the diagnosis requires cultivation. The treatment mostly includes antimycotics in the form of ointments and powders.

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